Bees facts

Scientific name: Apis mellifera

Class: Insects

Familly Apidae

Order: Hymenoptera

Life span:
Queen : from 4 to 5 years
Male (drone): approx. 50 days
Worker: 35 to 45 days


Wild bees choose different types of cavities (deep and irregular holes), preferably in height, such as chimneys or hollow trunks. They can also build their hive outdoors on a branch. Undomesticated bees prefer rural to urban areas.

Do bees sting?

Yes, but only if they feel in danger or threatened. They can only sting once and often die as a result.

Why are bees in danger?

Scientists have suggested several reasons for the alarming reduction in the number of bees. Most of these explanations have man in common. The reasons are as these:

  • The appearance of new types of fungi that make bees sick;
  • Reduced diversity in many wildflower species;
  • Chemicals used in agriculture;
  • Pollution;
  • Climate change;
  • Electromagnetic fields in electrical infrastructures.

Do bees hibernate?

Only queens hibernate. The other bees in the colony do not live long enough to survive the winter.

How many species of bees are there in the world?

There are over 20,000 species of bees on earth. The most famous species - and the one that makes the headlines - is the famous honey bee, which plays an essential role in the pollination of many plants.

Why do bees make honey?

Honey is the main food source for bees and their larvae.

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